Every year and even more decade our life is changing, we are getting used to all new and new achievements of technological progress, medicine is moving forward. And at the same time, the diseases that we are ill with are changing. So, irrevocably, let's hope, the pandemics of infectious diseases that wiped entire cities in the Middle Ages, but the number of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, allergies is rapidly increasing. ..
What diseases can rightly be called diseases of the 21st century? What do we suffer most often and what will we suffer in the near future?
1. Headache .
The first position, of course, is a headache and as its main manifestation is a migraine. At the heart of migraine is a violation of the nervous regulation of the tone of the blood vessels of the brain. Contribute to this violation of frequent stress, physical and mental overstrain, genetic predisposition and other factors.
2. Catarrhal diseases .
The second position is occupied by a common cold, which is understood as
3. Hypertension .
Arterial hypertension( AH) is no less insidious and widespread disease, which confidently holds the third place in the list of the most common diseases of the 21st century. Increased pressure in the arteries, which is observed in this disease, negatively affects the work of many systems and internal organs of man. Arterial hypertension is a polyethological disease, i.e. There are a lot of causes of hypertension. Especially it is necessary to note those factors that are associated with the modern way of life. Often, hypertension is also called an "office" illness, since work in the office, which is accompanied by a sedentary lifestyle, eating disorders, frequent coffee consumption and in constant tension, is extremely favorable for increasing blood pressure.
4. Osteochondrosis .
Long-term inactive work or work, coupled with a constant strain on the spine, leads to a disease like osteochondrosis - this is the next disease on our list. Osteochondrosis is a disease in which the normal anatomy of the spine is broken, cartilages are replaced with bone tissue. As a result, the spine loses its elasticity, and when moving, pains in the back occur. In neglected situations, pain can be constantly disturbed.
5. Insomnia .
Insomnia. To know the prevalence of this disease, it is enough simply to ask the pharmacist at the pharmacy how often patients buy sleeping pills. Unfortunately, these drugs are inferior in popularity to antibiotics, antiviral agents and drugs that reduce blood pressure. 6. Diseases of the digestive tract .
The sixth place includes diseases associated with digestive disorders. These include weight in the stomach, nausea, diarrhea and constipation. The first and main reason here is poor-quality food, rich in artificial additives, as well as diseases of the gastrointestinal tract itself.
7. Toothache .
Unfortunately, as I would not want, but toothache also belongs to the top ten most common diseases. I'm glad that she does not meet as often as a headache, because there is probably more toothache than anything. The reason for toothache lies not so much in caries( caries itself does not even fall into our "ten"), but in the inflammation of the gums and the surrounding tissue of the tissues( periodontitis).Their cause, again, is an infection that activates with poor oral hygiene and inadequate immunity.
8. Parasitic diseases .
Parasitic diseases, particularly helminthiosis( ascariasis), are widespread in the population, especially in children and rural residents, when parasitic worms live in the human body. They come with dirty hands, unwashed vegetables and fruits, with infected meat. If the worms do not heal in time, then the disease takes a heavy course right up to a lethal outcome.
9. Injury to .
It is impossible not to mention injuries - they are also very often seen in the doctor's office in the hospital. Traumatism can be different: everyday, at work, as a result of suicide, in a state of intoxication and other kinds of it.
10. Depression of .
And, finally, closes the ten diseases of the 21st century depression. It would seem that nothing serious, the usual depression, but in fact this is a serious psychological illness that is very difficult to treat. However, here, under this clause, there are all types of depression, including lungs, which patients do not even address to the doctor or prescribe their own treatment. The causes of depression are different: some life situations, organic brain damage, heredity and others.
Speaking about the most common diseases of the 21st century, we can not fail to mention those whose frequency of occurrence is growing every day. Despite the fact that these diseases have not yet managed to announce you so loudly, however there is a huge risk that they can very soon displace something from the top ten.
1. Tuberculosis .
So, the first thing that makes doctors really sound the alarm is the drug-resistant forms of tuberculosis. In the early 90s, somehow information appeared that with the onset of the 21st century, tuberculosis would disappear, just as smallpox had once disappeared. However, practice shows that the problem of tuberculosis is becoming more widespread, drugs are becoming ineffective, the need for phthisiatricians is growing. And not for nothing Bill Gates promises a huge bonus to someone who will invent a universal tool for diagnosis and treatment of this disease.
2. Allergy to .
The second, no less urgent problem for modern society is the problem of allergy. Today, the frequency of various forms of allergies is increasing very intensively and in particular allergic bronchial asthma. Respiratory tracts, as a result of contact with allergens on their wall, form the response in the form of an inflammatory reaction, the result of which is the narrowing of the lumen of the bronchi. This leads to a lack of oxygen, a person is difficult to breathe, which in turn significantly worsens the quality of life. The reason for such allergies is the growing popularity of synthetics, domestic animals, various chemical additives to food, environmental degradation, heredity and many others.
3. Angina of the .
As with asthma, patients are increasingly complaining of chest pains or angina pectoris. This is a heart disease that occurs as a result of insufficient supply of oxygen to it. The heart thus works worse, poorly pumps blood, and because of what other organs suffer. The cause of angina pectoris is not only in high cholesterol levels( from which plaques are blocked, which prevent the normal delivery of oxygen to the heart), but also in the low fitness of the heart. This, again, contributes to the lifestyle of a modern office worker: no physical activity, every hour for a cup of strong coffee, constant stress, food in McDonald's and his similar fast food.
4. Tropical infections .
Rare infections are becoming more common: cholera, West Nile fever, atypical forms of influenza and pneumonia, more and more often one hears of anthrax. Until now, scientists can not understand what is the reason and what contributes to it, there are only guesses.
5. Gastritis of .
The image of modern nutrition promotes the growth of gastritis - inflammation of the mucous( inner) shell of the stomach. The problem of gastritis is that it often turns into an ulcer, and an ulcer into cancer.
6. Neuroses of the .
Various forms of neuroses are the result of the current intense being. Who leaves the city on weekends to take a walk in the forest( but not to the corporate party with kebabs, because this is not a holiday), who in the evening before going to bed takes a walk through the fresh air, who rises in the morning to exercise? Unfortunately, instead of all this, one hobby is a computer with its rush news, with hard work, with movies and games. But this is not only the reason for the growth of neuroses, the deterioration of the environment, the surrounding electromagnetic radiation, but also the constant stresses, frequent quarrels, eternal problems of how to survive the crisis - all this negatively affects the central nervous system in general and the psyche in particular.
7. Poisoning of .
Today there is also an increase in the number of poisonings. They, as well as injuries, are of different motivations and types, but they are becoming more "popular".And this poisoning is not only food, but also alcohol, an overdose of certain drugs, the intake of poisonous substances for the purpose of suicide.
Complete the top ten "progressive" diseases of diabetes, rheumatism and cancer.
8. Diabetes mellitus .
Diabetes mellitus, like arterial hypertension, angina pectoris, is a disease of inactive people and especially persecutes that part of the population that is obese. The urgency of the present problem is also growing every day, as very many nations are prone to fatness and not everyone is getting thin, and our nutrition leaves much to be desired.
9. Rheumatism .
Rheumatism - a disease of the joints, worries almost every fifth person after 45 years. The basis of the disease - its own immunity fights with the joints of its own body. The cause of this malfunction is frequent infectious diseases, especially sore throats, suffered as a child.
10. Cancer of .
Cancer. How much has been said about him and how insufficient are the successes in his treatment. .. Millions of the highest minds are aimed at at least halting the growth of this terrible disease. However, the number of cancers, unfortunately, has not decreased yet. And I very much want to hope that in the near future, modern medicine will be able to defeat the spread of cancer.
Thus, summing up all the above written, it is obvious that most of the diseases - is the result of our careless attitude to their health. So let's better take care of the prevention of these diseases, so as not even to know about them.