Disease, as is known, is always easier to prevent than treat, but as a rule, patients are treated to the dentist, when the tooth is already sick, the cheek is swollen and in other similar cases. Is not it better to do everything to keep your teeth healthy?

Causes of tooth decay and other tooth ailments

The main causes of tooth decay - dental plaque, more precisely, the microorganisms that contain it, frequent use of foods containing carbohydrates and insufficient intake of fluoride into the body. Bacteria in dental plaque give off special enzymes that allow splitting carbohydrates. In this case, acids are formed that cause destruction of hard tooth tissues.

Some people have teeth that are more resistant to acid than others. It basically depends on the stability of the enamel, as well as on the properties of saliva, but nevertheless, you should not rely on the strength of your enamel, the best prevention is preventing the formation of plaque and tartar, rational nutrition, the use of fluorid

es.

Basic Rules for the Prevention of Dental Diseases

What each of us can do to prevent tooth decay is to brush our teeth cleanly. In your arsenal should be toothpaste and brush, as well as dental floss, toothpicks, toothbrushes, rinsers for the oral cavity. A wide range of oral hygiene products sometimes puts buyers at a dead end, so before buying them, dentist advice is needed.

However, several universal recommendations for choosing toothbrushes and pastes can still be given.

How to choose a toothbrush and toothpaste

First, you should purchase those hygiene products that have a certificate of state hygienic registration.

Secondly, the toothbrush should be sold in a sealed package, indicating its names, the degree of stiffness of the bristles and information about the manufacturer.

Third, a good toothbrush is made of artificial bristles, the head of it should be small, which allows you to clean all parts of the oral cavity. For adults, the brush head is 22-28 mm long, for children about 20 mm.

Fourth, you should choose a toothbrush with medium-stiff bristles. Using a stiff brush is not recommended, as it can injure the gum and hard tissues of the teeth.

Fifth, the shape of the toothbrush does not affect its effectiveness, so when choosing the design of the brush can be guided by individual preferences.

Sixth, it is important to regularly change the toothbrush - at least once every three months.

And, finally, seventhly, when purchasing toothpaste, you need to make sure that the paste includes fluorine( the concentration should not exceed 0.15 percent or 1500 ppm), hermetically sealed and contains all the necessary information on the packaging and tuba( production date, timethe list of ingredients, the name of the country of manufacture or the responsible distributor, the bar code, the batch number and the volume).

How to brush your teeth and eat properly

The formation of a new plaque lasts for a day, so it is generally recommended to brush your teeth twice a day - in the morning after breakfast and in the evening after dinner, using fluoride toothpastes. Dental floss must be used daily.

The main role in the growth of the incidence of caries is nutrition - calcium and fluoride-rich foods strengthen hard teeth, so dentists recommend eating fluoridated edible salt. You can keep your teeth healthy with effective oral hygiene using fluoride toothpaste and the frequency of meals and drinks no more than 5 times a day, including 3 main meals and 2 snacks.

Ancient healers claimed that a person is healthy, while his teeth are healthy. There is undeniable evidence of the relationship between dental diseases and the general state of the human body. It is important to remember that by caring for your teeth, you keep your health.

Medicine and Health