Recently, four people living in the same apartment addressed to one of the Minsk polyclinics, with complaints of muscle pain, a fever of 37.5, edema of the eyelids, a face, a rash on the skin. It turned out that they all about three weeks before the disease used to eat boiled wild boar meat, brought by a relative. Meat of wild boar was not subjected to veterinary examination. All four have a diagnosis of trichinosis.

Wild animals( wild boar, roe deer, elk, etc.), which are allowed to hunt, suffer from a number of parasitic and infectious diseases. And these diseases can be transmitted to a person through eating meat of sick animals. To prevent this, meat of wild animals must be checked. This can be done in the laboratory. In addition, meat of wild animals must necessarily be checked for the content of radionuclides of 137 cesium, as recently the cases of shooting wild animals with excess of the content of this substance have become more frequent.

In order for the study to be complete, it is nec

essary that a whole carcase of the killed beast be delivered to the laboratory. And importantly - with all internal organs( some infectious diseases can only be determined by the affected internal organs).But, as a rule, only small pieces of animal meat, pieces of diaphragm, intercostal muscle( in these places the infection is localized more often) bring to the laboratory, but this can not give a 100% guarantee that the whole carcass is not infected. The reason is that if you check the whole carcass, then for the examination you will have to pay a lot, plus provide the necessary information( permission to shoot, a copy of the license. ..).

So it turns out that the hunters go for examination for payment only if the hunter himself from another locality and during transportation of the carcass without a corresponding certificate from the vetsanexpertiza laboratory may have questions, or when studies have shown that meat is not fit for consumption. In the latter case, the infected carcass of the killed beast is destroyed or is being disposed of.

The very same hunters, who bring the meat to a test in the laboratory, confessed that they do not like to advertise their activities, and that it's much easier to bring a part of the carcass to testing. After all, often in a sitting on a wild boar, hunters from different cities participate, even from different regions, and the carcass of the killed beast is immediately divided into parts and taken away by hunters to their homes.

Especially dangerous is a parasitic disease like trichinosis. Infection of a person occurs when eating meat contaminated with Trichinella larvae. Even a good heat treatment of meat does not give a full guarantee of safety. Disease in humans occurs in many cases in severe form: accompanied by an increase in body temperature, allergic reactions, severe pain of facial and chewing muscles, edemas and head tumors. In the most severe cases, death may occur.

There are also more frequent cases of detection in the meat of wild animals of diseases such as sarco-cystosis( affects muscle tissue), ascadidosis, metastragileosis, echinococcosis, finnosis( in which the quality of meat products decreases), and septic processes( purulent wounds, abscesses,phlegmon), in the presence of which you can not eat meat.

Here are some signs that you can not use meat of wild animals and which can be determined without referring to the laboratory.

  • If, after 20 minutes after cutting the carcass at the points of the back, white worms of a threadlike form up to 40 cm appear from the cut sites, which means that the meat is infected with sparganimosis.
  • If the animal's liver is covered with watery blisters. They contain embryos of a dangerous parasite, and when using such a liver for food, the human liver is also affected by this parasite - the disease is difficult to diagnose and proceeds in severe form.

However, this is only a small part of the diseases that can be infected through the meat of wild animals, and therefore you can not do without laboratory tests if you want to eat meat from a freshly shot bear or a wild boar and not be afraid for your health.

In order to check the meat for the content of radionuclides of cesium 137, it should be at least half a kilogram and better if pieces of meat are from different parts of the carcass( thoracic and pelvic parts).The use of wild meat with an elevated content of cesium radionuclides is dangerous for human health. Especially it is not recommended to cook dishes from the bones of such animals.

Medicine and Health